Since CMBS loans typically prohibit second mortgages, many borrowers have turned to mezzanine financing to fill in the gap. Mezzanine financing, unlike a traditional second mortgage, is a hybrid of debt and equity that permits the lender to convert their debt into shares in the borrower’s company in the case of a loan default.
Conduit loan rates are typically based on the U.S. Treasury rate, plus a margin, or spread, designed to compensate the lender/investors for their risk. As of October 2018, the 10-year U.S. Treasury rate was 3.18%, so, for example, if the margin on a CMBS loan was 2%, the interest rate would be approximately 5.18%. CMBS loan spreads are influenced by a variety of factor